# Parrot + libgit2 = Winxed Unicorns

## Background

What happens when you tie together Parrot Virtual Machine and the shiny new libgit2 which is rumored to be a “magical world of ponies, fluffy clouds and unicorns”?

Winxed unicorns.

Winxed is a new Javascript-ish language that comes with Parrot Virtual Machine. You can basically think of it as a scripting language on top of Parrot, which is good for writing system scripts and/or new languages.

Many new projects on Parrot use Winxed for their build system, instead of the traditional Configure.pl, setup.nqp, or setup.pir build file. Here is the setup.winxed file which is used to build, test and install parrot-libgit2. This setup.winxed file is very similar to how distutils works in the Python world. In fact, setup.pir was the old, PIR way to do distutils-style build systems in Parrot, but now we have ported distutils to Winxed.

Many thanks are owed to Bob Kuo, who was a Google Summer of Code student that wrote a setup.winxed for his parrot-gmp project. The setup.winxed in parrot-libgit2 was based on his work and wouldn’t exist without it.

Maintaining a build script written in higher-level language is a lot friendlier, takes less time and is less error-prone. PIR is still a useful language, but core Parrot developers mostly consider it a language that is a target for code generation. We don’t really expect humans to write much PIR, except when there is no other choice.

## parrot-libgit2

Enough about Winxed and build systems! We all know libgit2 is the new shiny and we want access to those beautiful, glistening DAGs via a delicious API.

That is why parrot-libgit2 exists. It provides access to libgit2 to every language built on top of Parrot. Let that sink in for a moment. Usually, when you write a binding from a dynamic language to some kind of C/C++ library, every single language needs a different binding. This is a huge amount of work, and most people only ever have the gumption to write a binding in one or maybe a few languages. If you are really masochistic, you might even use SWIG.

Even still, every one of these bindings needs to be maintained. And that is a lot of code. parrot-libgit2 routes around this problem by giving Parrot access to libgit2, so any other Parrot language can load some bytecode and then start calling libgit2 functions. Currently there are tests for using parrot-libgit2 from PIR and Winxed, but examples of using it from other Parrot-derived languages such as NQP and Rakudo Perl 6 are on the way.

Example Winxed code using parrot-libgit2:

// these are very similar to use Module::Foo in Perl 5
using Git2.Repository;
using Git2.Index;
using cstring;

// create a new repo object
var git_repo = new Git2.Repository();

// actually open the repo in .git
var rc       = git_repository_open(repo.ptr, cstring(".git"));

// check to see if this is a bare repo
var bool     = git_repository_is_bare(repo.ptr);


## Why is libgit2 exciting?

libgit2 is a reimplementation of Git as a thread-safe library in pure C. That is huge. Currently, many libraries cannot integrate with Git properly for various reasons that are baked into how Git works on the command-line.

libgit2 is not going to replace Git 1.x. Rather, it is a kid sister. But libgit2 is bringing native Git support to new platforms, such as Windows, since it does not depend on Perl and /bin/sh.

It also allows people to use git repositories via a nice programming API instead of shelling out to binaries, which often don’t exist. Mobile apps will probably be looking towards libgit2 for their Git-related needs soon.

## What can parrot-libgit2 right now?

It can do very simple things, like open repositories and indexes. It can call simple functions that don’t require complex datatypes. Object ids (Git2.Oid) were just added and object databases (Git2.Odb) is on the way.

Not all libgit2 datatypes are currently supported. There are some known bugs where assumptions about size_t are made where they should be detected. You can look at the current Winxed tests here .

If learning about libgit2 and Parrot sounds interesting to you, fork parrot-libgit2 and try it out! You can also find me hanging out in #libgit2 on irc.freenode.net if you have questions. May the DAG be with you.